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City of London History

City of London history Once the financial hub of the world, The City is a surprisingly small district at just a square mile in East Central London covering The Strand, Holborn, Goswell Road, and other famous street names.

A hotbed of business and commerce this was the first part of London’s now sprawling metropolis that the Romans chose to make their home.

When Londinium became a major settlement it was attacked regularly and heavy walls were put up around the area to protect it from further onslaught. Today the outlines of those walls represent the City boundaries.

Inside these walls a strong trading centre was established and it wasn’t until The Black Death of 1347-48 with almost half the population wiped out that The City suffered its first economic disaster.

The City soon got back on its feet and throughout the Middle Ages it welcomed trade from furniture makers, butchers, skinners and bakers. Lawyers and judges all soon played a part in The City and began to build lavish halls in which to conduct their meetings.

The City’s second financial stumble was in 1666 with the Great Fire of London destroying or damaging many businesses and temporarily halting trade, but like a phoenix from the flames the economy was quick to re-establish its position as a world leader.

Grander and even more luxurious buildings sprang up in the Georgian and Victorian eras and many of these buildings still stand today, although some were damaged and bombed during World War II.

Today, The City maintains its position as an economic powerhouse on a world scale and although many of its current ventures and new businesses are purely commercial, its history makes it an exciting and vibrant place drawing tourists from across the globe.

Step onto those hallowed streets early in the morning and you’ll probably be caught in the early morning rush as businessmen and women dodge the rush hour traffic en route to their glass-fronted offices.

Lunchtimes buzz with the topic of the day as workers head to the many sandwich and soup bars in the vicinity. City eateries do fast food better than any other restaurants in London.

These business folk work hard and play hard and when the daily grind comes to an end they head out to one of The City’s fine eating establishments or find a comfortable public house in which to relax and watch the world go by.

As evening draws in The City comes alive with lights and music as some of the UK’s best clubbing venues are located here and it has good tube links at Temple Street and Liverpool Street Station.


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