||Bath history probably
dates back to the Prehistoric era and it is also probable
that Celtic people knew about the properties of the hot
Legend has it that King Bladud, a Trojan refugee
who was also the father of the infamous King Lear, founded
the town around 2,800 years ago. He used the hot springs
to cure his leprosy and there is now a statue of him at
The Romans properly established the town and named it
Aquae Sulis (named after the Celtic goddess Sul)
in AD44, and by the reign of Agricola in AD 78-84, the
town was already a thriving spa with an extensive
The Anglo-Saxons arrived in 577 AD to find a completely
ruined town. They believed that the town was holy and
in 944 founded a monastery on the site of the present
Bath became a centre for the wool-trading industry
during the Middle Ages and although some visitors
did come to use the baths, it wasn’t until the arrival
of Ralph Allen in the 18th century that the hot springs
were reborn in Bath.
Ralph Allen and Richard Nash became two of the
most influential people in Bath’s history and when
Richard Nash was appointed Master of Ceremonies in Bath
he became governor of every aspect of social and cultural
life and the aristocracy flocked to the area to gossip,
gamble and enjoy holidays.
However, by the turn of the century influential people
were turning their backs on the springs in favour of seawater
and departing by train to the coast.
Thankfully, much of the architecture and the baths remain
and Bath has become a fashionable town for visitors from
across the globe.